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How to Avoid Intravenous Catheter Infections

Hospitalized patients are at a high risk of developing intravenous borne infections. About two million nosocomial infections, approximately 850,000 are classified as catheter-associated infections (CAIs), with 50,000 categorized by CDC surveillance criteria as catheter-associated bacteremias (CABs). The majority of these infections are associated with central intravenous catheters. The case fatality rate for CABs is more than 20% (10,000 deaths/50,000 cases) and the attributable mortality 35%.

 

IV catheters can be contaminated with microorganisms in different ways, some of them are through:

  • Contaminated hospital staff hands
  • Contamination of the catheter during insertion or handling
  • Inadequate disinfection of catheter hubs, ports or needleless connectors before accessing the line
  • Skin organisms from the patient that travel through the insertion site
  • Contaminated IV fluids

To avoid developing these infections, medical professionals employ the following methods:

  • Adequate personal hygiene
  • Prepping the wound site with an alcohol/chlorhexidine solution
  • Use maximal sterile barriers (cap, mask, sterile gown, sterile gloves, full body sterile drape)
  • Bathe the patient daily with Chlorhexidine Gluconate (CHG) using a waterproof catheter cover to keep the area dry.
  • Maintain a clean, dry and tightly bound dressing with Chlorhexidineimpregnated sponge or dressing.

How to avoid these at home?

 

Infections can attack a catheterized patient even when at home. To avoid infections at home, patients should follow good hygiene practices. This can be done with accessories like a waterproof catheter cover, disposable gloves and stock of disinfectants. If you are searching for quality waterproof catheter covers, Dialysis Care Online is your go to supplier. They offer a range of water barriers that are skin friendly and easy to use. Check out their online store today.

 

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All of the content provided on the website or blogs, such as text, treatments, dosages, outcomes, charts, patient profiles, graphics, photographs, images, advice, messages, forum postings, and any other material provided on the this site are for informational purposes only and are not a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider regarding your health. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this site.

 

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